Endodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and injuries that inflict the dental pulp and root canals of teeth. Endodontics, popularly known as root canal treatment, involves the following:
An endodontist is a dentist who specializes in saving teeth with root canal treatments. Endodontists use trailblazing technology to execute complex endodontic procedures and relieve patients of the agony associated with root canal infections.
The tooth structure consists of the enamel, dentin, pulp chamber, root canals, and roots. The pulp chamber and root canals lie below the dentin and house nerve tissues and blood vessels, together known as the pulp. The pulp is responsible for nourishing the tooth and sensing hot and cold temperatures.
The pulp is encased safely at the center of the tooth and is covered by the dentin and enamel. However, sometimes, bacteria find their way into the pulp chamber and infect the blood vessels and nerve tissues present inside it. Pulpitis or root canal infection may be caused due to any of the following reasons:
Root canal infections are characterized by the following symptoms:
Root canal treatment can be easily performed in simple steps by an endodontist. Below is a step-by-step guide to it.
A thorough oral examination is performed using X-rays to identify the extent of damage and position of tooth roots. If the infection or decay has yet not reached the tooth roots, the patient is deemed eligible to receive a root canal treatment. If the damage is extensive, the damaged tooth cannot be saved and requires immediate extraction for preventing oral health complications.
The damaged tooth and its surrounding area are anesthetized to avoid discomfort or pain during the root canal treatment. Sedation fights dental anxiety and calms down patients to help them feel relaxed during the procedure.
A rubber gingival dam is installed in the mouth to isolate the damaged tooth from the rest of the mouth. It prevents saliva from communicating with the tooth during the procedure. Saliva contains bacteria that might interfere with the treatment.
A hole is drilled through the enamel to reach the pulp chamber. The infected blood vessels and nerves are removed using dental files.
The empty pulp chamber and the root canals are flushed with antimicrobials and disinfectants to remove any trace of bacteria.
Next, the root canals and the pulp chamber are shaped and prepared to receive a dental filling. Guetta Percha is used as the filling material because it is inert and prevents future bacterial infestation. The filling is applied in layers and hardened using a special blue light.
If the damaged tooth has lost most of its structure to the damage, tooth filling is used to build it up.
Finally, a custom-designed dental crown is used to encase the treated tooth to restore it to its natural appearance and function. Dental crowns are custom-designed, tooth-shaped caps that are used to cover damaged or weak teeth to restore their shape, size, strength, and appearance. They are permanently cemented in place and cover the entire visible portion of the natural teeth.
At Ayoub Dental we employ the practices of modern dentistry to systematically repair damage and enhance the appearance of your smile. We design a custom plan for each patient to meet their individual requirements. For further doubts and queries, book an appointment with us or visit our office today.
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