Oral and maxillofacial surgery is often seen as a bridge between medicine and dentistry. It focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to the hard and soft tissues of the facial complex, mouth, neck, and jaw.
Doctors who perform oral and maxillofacial surgeries are called oral surgeons. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons use cutting edge technology like CT and MRI scans to view the head and neck anatomy in 3D. These three-dimensional images can be easily manipulated to generate virtual 3D models to effectively plan the surgery. In many instances, oral and maxillofacial surgeons work closely with other specialists to provide the required treatment.
What are the different types of oral and maxillofacial surgeries?
Oral and maxillofacial surgeries are performed for:
- The treatment of cancers inflicting the head, neck, and oral cavity. It involves the removal of both benign and malignant tumors.
- Treating the craniofacial deformity to correct congenital or acquired facial defects or disfigurement.
- Placing dental prostheses like implants to replace missing teeth. An incision is made in the gums and a metallic post is installed in the jaws.
- Improving bone density in recessed areas. Bone grafting involves transplanting healthy bone tissues from a donor area in the body to the recessed areas in the mouth.
- Bone grafting is performed to either treat gum disease or before placing dental implants.
- Treating gingival recession. Gum grafting involves transplanting healthy gum tissues from a donor area in the mouth to a recessed area. It improves the health of recessed gum tissues and is used to treat periodontitis.
- Operating conditions inflicting the jaws, temporomandibular joints, salivary glands, and facial skin lesions.
- Improving the aesthetics of the face. These are cosmetic surgeries that add beauty to the face and improve the quality of life by inducing self-esteem and confidence.
- Performing reconstructive surgeries like microvascular free tissue transfer.
- Treating facial disproportion (orthognathic surgery). It involves correcting the issues inflicting the jaw like sleep apnea, TMD, malocclusion, and problems related to skeletal disharmony.
- Performing tooth extraction in case of impacted canines and wisdom teeth.
- Treating facial injuries like dental trauma.
At Ayoub Dental we employ the practices of modern dentistry to systematically repair damage and enhance the appearance of your smile. We design a custom plan for each patient to meet their individual requirements. For further doubts and queries, book an appointment with us or visit our office today.